Friday, April 28, 2017

TGIF FEATURE: AAPI history and demographics at a glance

MAY is Asian Pacific American Heritage Week and to help employers and those agencies seeking grants to service the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, DiversityInc publishes these charts and figures, updating them every year.

This diversity-management resource offers insight to evolving workplace diversity, featuring a detailed timeline of Asian/American history and the relevant demographics you need to know.

President Jimmy Carter signed a joint resolution in 1978 that declared May 4–10, 1979, as the first Asian Pacific American Heritage Week. This was later extended by President George H.W. Bush in 1990 to a month-long observance. 

The month commemorates the arrival of the first Japanese immigrant, a fisherman named Nakanohama Manjiro, or “John Mung,” to the United States on May 7, 1843, and marks the transcontinental railroad’s completion on May 10, 1869, half of which was bulit by Chinese laborers.

The latest population figures, based on the 2010 Census but extrapolated to 2015, shows that Indian/Americans have surpassed Filipino/Americans as the second largest Asian ethnic group in the U.S. The boom of Asian Indians is attributed to the use of H1-B visa used to attract workers with specialties needed in the U.S. Many of those imported workers, who bring their families with them, eventually become U.S. citizens.

More than half of all H-1B visas have been awarded to Indian nationals, according to the Pew Research Center. From fiscal years 2001 to 2015, workers from India received the largest share (50.5%) of all H-1B visas for first-time employment, while the second-largest share went to workers from China (9.7%). Other countries receiving a large share of visas during this time include Canada (3.8%), the Philippines (3.0%) and South Korea (2.8%).

Click the links below to download a PDF, or click these links to expand: Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month Timeline and Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month Facts & Figures.

Another good source for statistics about the AAPI community is the Pew Research Center's The Rise of Asian America report done in 2013.